A healthy and happy smile involves more than just teeth! That’s right, our gum health is just as important. Maintaining great oral hygiene throughout our life will keep our chances of gum disease at a minimum.
When your gums are swollen, painful, and bleed easily, you should head to the dentist to see if you have gingivitis. Gingivitis is a mild gum disease, meaning the bacteria in the mouth has only caused the gums to inflame. Plus, it’s reversible through better oral care. If you have gingivitis, we’ll recommend tips and products for better oral care and keep a close eye on it.
When gingivitis persists for a number of years, it evolves into periodontitis. Periodontitis is not reversible, nor is there a cure, but the disease can be managed. It’s possible to lose teeth, bone, and gum tissue when you have periodontitis. Treatment of periodontitis depends on the severity, but it cannot reverse the disease; only slow it down. There are 4 stages of periodontitis, the first being gingivitis, followed by slight periodontitis, moderate periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis.
What Causes Periodontitis?
When the gingivitis infection spreads from the gums to the bone, the condition is then considered slight periodontitis. As the bacteria evolves into a disease causing bacteria, the bone is destroyed. As the disease becomes more prevalent, the patient will experience pain, severe halitosis, deep pockets of pus within the gums, and more bone loss. The immune system is also affected as the bacteria enters the bloodstream. The only treatments at this point are scaling, bone graphs, and root planing.